A conjunction is a word that joins words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.

e.g., but, and, because, although, yet, since, unless, or, nor, while, where, etc.


  Conjunction joining words:

  • He bought a book and a pen.   
  • She ate an apple and a mango.
  • I forgot to bring my laptop and camera.

  Conjunctions joining phrases:

  • You can meet me at my house or at my office.
  • He always sits in the classroom or in the library.  

  Conjunctions joining clauses:

  • I waited for him, but he did not come.
  • You cannot succeed unless you work sincerely.
  • We saw a man in the street who was crying.
  • I sent him an email, but he did not respond.
  • She laughed and entered the room.

  Conjunction joining sentences:

  • I went to a market where I saw a joker.
  • I saw him while I was driving my car.
  • He studies biology because he wants to become a doctor.

  A sentence can have more than one conjunction. See the following example.

  • He bought a red shirt, but I bought white shirt because it was cheaper. (two conjunctions).
  • I like physics because I want to become an engineer, but my friend likes biology because he wants to become a doctor. (three conjunctions). 

   Single-word Conjunctions and Compound Conjunctions

The conjunction can either be a single word or a group of words known as compound conjunction.

Examples of single-word conjunctions: but, and, because, yet, since, unless, etc.

The usage single-word conjunctions can be seen in the above examples.

Examples of compound conjunctions: as long as, as far as, as well as, in order to, even if, so that, etc.

The usage of compound conjunctions in sentences can be seen in the following examples.


  • You live a happy life as long as you think optimistically.
  • I will not tell him the secret even if he insists a lot.
  • He bought a laptop as well as a bag for it.
  • Always speak the truth in order to avoid problems in life.
  • He as well as I had gone to a cinema.
  • As far as I know him, he cannot cheat someone.
  • He is coming here so that you can meet him.

There are three types of conjunctions: 1) Coordinating Conjunctions, 2) Subordinating Conjunctions, 3) Correlative Conjunctions. Click here to read the types of conjunctions.