Indirect Speech for Imperative & Exclamatory Sentences

Indirect Speech for Indirect Speech for Imperative:

A sentence that expresses a command, a request, an advice or a suggestion is called an imperative sentence. Here are some examples:

Open the door.                           (command)
Please help me.                          (request)
Quit smoking.                             (advice)
Don’t make a noise.                 (command)

As imperative sentences have a command (or an order), a request, an advice or a suggestion, to change them into Indirect Speech, some specific verbs (i.e. requested, order, advised, forbade, suggested) replace the verbs (e.g. said, told) of reporting verb.


Direct Speech:       She said to me, “Please help me”
Indirect Speech:    She requested me to help her.
Direct Speech:       Teacher said to him, “Do not waste your time”
Indirect Speech:    Teacher advised him not to waste his time.
Direct Speech:       He said to her, “Please lend me your Camera for one day”
Indirect Speech:    He requested her to lend him her camera for one day.
Direct Speech:        Doctor said to him, “Avoid unhealthy food”
Indirect Speech:    Doctor advised him to avoid unhealthy food.
Direct Speech:       The Boss said to the employee, “Get out of the room”
Indirect Speech:    The Boss ordered the employee to get out of the room.
Direct Speech:        He said to his servant, “Clean the room”.
Indirect Speech:     He ordered his servant to clean the room.

Indirect Speech for Exclamatory sentences:

A sentence that expresses a state of sorrow, joy or wonder, is known as exclamatory sentence.


Hurrah! I won the competition.     (state of joy)
Alas! I couldn’t qualify the exam. (state of sorrow)             
Wow! What a beautiful car.            (state of wonder)

An exclamatory sentence expresses state of joy, sorrow or wonder, to change them into Indirect Speech, specific words (i.e. exclaimed with joy, exclaimed with sorrow, exclaimed with wonder) are added to the sentence. Read the following examples.

Direct Speech:      They said, “Hurrah! We won the game”
Indirect Speech:   They exclaimed with joy that they had won the game.
Direct Speech:       He said, “Alas! I failed the test”.
Indirect Speech:   He exclaimed with sorrow that he had failed the test.
Direct Speech:       He said, “Hurrah! I bought a nice shirt”.
Indirect Speech:    He exclaimed with joy that he bought a nice shirt.
Direct Speech:       She said, “Wow! What a beautiful flower it is”.
Indirect Speech:  She exclaimed with wonder that what a beautiful flower it was.
Direct Speech:       She said, “Oh! I lost my purse.”
Indirect Speech:    She exclaimed with sorrow that he had lost her purse.
Direct Speech:       David said to him, “How intelligent you are!”
Indirect Speech:    David exclaimed with wonder that how intelligent he was.