Future Perfect Tense

Future perfect tense is used to express an action that, the speaker assumes, will have completed or occurred in the future. It gives a sense of completion of an action that will occur in the future.

They will have completed their work next week.
The patient will have recovered from the illness next month.
They will have started a business in December.

This tense is also sometimes used to express the occurrence of one action in future before another action in future.

She will have learnt Chinese before she moves to China.

In the case of above example, the first part of sentence is expressed in future perfect tense whereas the second part is generally expressed in present indefinite tense.

Structure of Sentence:

Main verb: 3rd form of verb, e.g., gone, written, seen.
Helping verb: Will have


 Subject + helping verb + main verb + object.
 Subject + will have + 3rd form of verb + object.


He will have completed this work next week.
She will have bought a new laptop.
He will have won the competition.
She will have started a new job.
They will have enjoyed the party.
He will have spent all the money.
They will have succeeded in their mission.
The kids will have played football in the school.
He will have reached his house.
They will have started their business next year.
The kids will have slept.
You will have kept your books in the cupboard.
They will have built a new house.
He will have gone to college.
She will have finished the task.
The witness will have spoken the truth in the court.
I will have attended the meeting.
They will have discussed the issue.
He will have appreciated your performance.


In negative sentence, the word ‘not’ is added between ‘will’ and ‘have’, making it ‘will not have’.

 Subject + will not have + 3rd form of verb + object.


He will not have reached his house.
He will not have stolen your money.
She will not have received my letter.
He will not have brought her documents.
The kids will not have eaten the food.
They will not have written an application for leave.
He will not have completed his degree next year.
They will not have enjoyed the party.
He will not have applied for this job.
She will not have bought a new camera.
We will not have finished our task.
He will not have won a prize.
They will not have spent all the money.
He will not have cheated you.
We will not have achieved our aim.
I will not have bought a new car.

Note: The short form of 'will not' is 'won't'. Therefore, the negative sentences can also be written with 'won't have' instead of 'will not have'. See the following example:

He will not have received the letter.
He won't have received the letter.


The question sentence starts with ‘will’ and the word ‘have’ comes after the subject inside the sentence.

 Will + subject + have + 3rd form of verb + object.


Will he have helped his friend?
Will she have gone to America?
Will they have participated in the competition?
Will he have met his friend?
Will they have answered the question correctly?
Will she have cooked some food?
Will the police have caught the thief?

Will he have passed his exam?
Will I have forgotten your words?
Will she have made a plan for her studies?
Will she have started her journey?
Will they have announced the result of the test?
Will she have bought some fruits?
Will he have sent me an email?
Will they have bought a new car?