Transitive and Intransitive Verbs


A verb that requires an object in the sentence to make a meaningful sentence is called a transitive verb.

A transitive verb must have an object in the sentence because without an object it cannot covey a complete meaning.


She bought ______.

In the above sentence, see the verb “buy” is transitive verb. The verb “buy” need some object for it in this sentence to give a complete and proper meaning. Let me add an object in this sentence to make it proper meaningful.

She bought a table
She bought a pen.
She bought a laptop.

A transitive verb must have an object with it in order to become meaningful otherwise it will not express full meaning. A transitive verb without an object makes a sentence incomplete.

Few examples:
I ate a piece of bread
I like music.
He wrote a letter.
He wants some money.
They completed their tasks
She made a beautiful painting.
He threw the ball.
The students raised their hands.
The players won the competition.
He cut the tree.
She plucked a flower.


A verb that does not require an object in the sentence, is called an intransitive verb. Such verbs (without having object for them in the sentence) can express proper complete meaning.

He was laughing.
She slept.
They were running.
She smiled.
It is raining.
They had gone.
The guests have arrived
The girls were dancing.