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Change in Time and Adverbs in Indirect Speech – Rules

For converting Direct Speech into Indirect Speech, some changes are made to the sentence. These changes include: change in the time and adverb of the sentence. These changes are made according to the following rules:

Tomorrow changes into the next day.
Today changes into that day or the same day.
Yesterday changes into the day before or the previous day.
This week or month or year changes into that or same week or month or year.
Next week or month or year changes into the following week or month or year.
Last week or month or year changes into the previous week or month or year.
Ago changes into before.
Now or just changes into then.
This changes into that.
Here changes into there.
Hence changes into thence.

Examples:

Direct Speech:     He said, “I will go to college tomorrow”.
Indirect Speech:  He said that he would go to college the next day.
Direct Speech:     She said, “I am busy today”.
Indirect Speech:  She said that she was busy that day.
Direct Speech:     He said, “I met my friend yesterday.
Indirect Speech:  He said that he had met his friend the previous day.
Direct Speech:     They said, “We have a lot of work to do this week.
Indirect Speech:  They said that they had a lot of work to do that week.
Direct Speech:     She said, “The weather is pleasant this month
Indirect Speech:  She said that the weather was pleasant that month.
Direct Speech:     He said, “He will be at home the next day.
Indirect Speech:  He said that he would be at home the following day.
Direct Speech:     They said, “They will attend classes the next wee.
Indirect Speech:  They said that they would attend classes the following week.
Direct Speech:     David said, “My examination will start the next month.
Indirect Speech:  David said that his examination would start the following month.
Direct Speech:     She said, “I met him the last week.
Indirect Speech:  She said that she had met him the previous week.
Direct Speech:     He said, “They earned a lot money the last month.
Indirect Speech:  He said that they had earned a lot the previous month.
Direct Speech:     She said, “I am writing a letter now.
Indirect Speech:  She said that she was writing a letter then.
Direct Speech:     He said, “I like this car;.
Indirect Speech:  He said that he liked that car.
Direct Speech:     He said, “The cat is playing here.
Indirect Speech:  He said that the cat is playing there.
Direct Speech:     Teacher said, “Students will come here.
Indirect Speech:  Teacher said that student will come there.