Preparation according to Exam’s format - Types of Questions

Exams are conducted periodically to assess the level of learning of student in a specific period. The format of an Exam determines the way a student makes preparation for it. If a student prepares for exam according to format of question, he is more likely to score high. Despite making a lot of preparation, many students score less in the exam. One of the many reasons, for getting less marks in an exam. is not making preparation according to nature of the questions. Students may adopt different methods of learning but when it comes to put that learning into appropriate answers, they sometimes fail to do well in it. It is crucial for success in exam to understand the format of the exam before making preparation for it.

It is a fact that students can get specimens of their exam or previous papers of their exams held before. It gives them an idea about the format of question paper as well as nature of the questions. A question paper may comprise of different type of question including the following most common type of questions:

  1. Questions requiring detailed answers – Descriptive Questions
  2. Questions requiring short answers – Short Question
  3. Question requiring to choose one option from the given options – Multiple Choice Questions

In this article we will discuss how to make preparation for each type of above questions.

  Making preparation for ‘Descriptive Questions’

Descriptive questions are also called essay questions or simply long question. These questions carry maximum marks in your paper. These questions are designed to assess student’s learning regarding a major area. Such questions are sometimes divided into two or three parts which require a comprehensive answer. They require a detailed answer.

For making preparation ‘descriptive questions’ you need to study topics in its entirety. Such questions cover the theories, major processes and major topics explained in your courses. For instance, a student of Biology may be asked to describe the digestive system of human being in detail. The digestive system of human being cannot be described in few lines as it involves many biological steps and processes. Hence, for preparing for these questions, you should study the whole topic learning all it dimensions. You should be able to retain your learning in correct sequence. You should also be able to present it in correct sequence in your answer-sheet. You should learn which headings and sub-headings will be included in the answer regarding a topic.

As the descriptive question requires lengthy answers, you should be careful about the body of your answer. You should learn how to start your answer and how to end it. Your answer should be divided in to paragraphs having proper heading for each. The first paragraph should be introductory paragraph having proper forewords, definition and meanings of the terminologies. The remaining paragraph should cover all the aspects of your answer. The last paragraph should summarize your answer or give a proper conclusion depending upon the question. Use markers of different colors for writing the headings. Use highlighter to highlight important points in your answer. It will make the answer look attractive and easily interpretable for the checker. 

Never write the entire question in the start of your answer. Write a proper question number for your answer and give a suitable heading at start deriving it from the question.

  Making preparation for ‘Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)’

Multiple Choice Questions are nowadays part of every exam. Every question has few choices. One of given choices is correct and is the answer of the question. The student has to select that correct choice to answer the question. These questions and their choices are designed in a way to examine the level of student learning in best way. The given choices are close to answer and confuse the student. Hence all the choice should be read before selecting one choice as correct. If you find it difficult to choose the correct answer, you should first skip out the choices which, you think, cannot be the answer. The remaining choices will give you more probability of selecting the correct choice.

Preparation for MCQs requires very thorough study. You should study minute things within the large descriptions, such as dates, names, formulae and terminologies; analytical and quantitative details. The best way, to prepare yourself for MCQs exam, is to underline the minute information (as mentioned before) with a pencil or to highlight them with a highlighter. It will make them prominent and easy to learn; and retain them in mind for long.

  Making preparation for Short-questions

Short question carry comparatively less marks. These questions require very short answer. Such questions are designed to ask about definitions of important process and terminologies, names of types, a specific purpose of an item or activity and so on. For making preparation for short questions, you should study the terminologies, abbreviations, formulae and specific function etc. Short question asked about a part of long process are covered in your preparation for descriptive question. But never skip the short explanation and terminologies. These questions require short answer. Avoid giving long answer even if you have knowledge about the question. Be specific in the answer to save time for other questions as well.